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Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

What is Hyperbaric Oxygen?

Why do we need oxygen?

How does Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy work?

How is HBOT administered?

What are the benefits of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy?

Are there any dangers with Hyperbaric Oxygen therapy?

Are there any side effects with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy?

Other Therapies offered by RAMS

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) is a recognised medical treatment, proven to enhance the body's healing process. It has long been used to treat decompression sickness, carbon monoxide poisoning, injuries and wounds and is now being used successfully worldwide in the symptomatic treatment of many neurological, vascular, respiratory and inflammatory conditions such as: -

Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke, Neurological Diseases, Cerebral Palsy, Artritis, Respiratory Diseases, Circulatory Disorders, Fibromyalgia, Wounds, Sports Injuries, Myalgic Encephalopathy


What is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy?


Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is  the medical use of oxygen at an increased level of pressure - (hyper) means increased, (baric) means pressure. HBOT raises the levels of oxygen in the body's blood plasma which leads to higher amounts of oxygen being delivered to the body's tissues, organs and brain.

HBOT is used to treat conditions caused by inadequate oxygen in the body or to speed up the healing of injuries or infections by increasing the amount of oxygen in the body's tissues.

The treatment consists of breathing in pure oxygen (100%) through a face mask or mouth piece whilst sitting normally and comfortably in a chamber which is increased to a predefined pressure for a period of time ranging between 60 and 120 minutes.




Why do we need oxygen?


Oxygen is vital for all the body's functions and is essential for healing. Usually the supply we breathe in normal air is enough for a normal healthy body to repair minor ailments. However, there are times during more serious illness or injury when the body is under added stress and requires greater amounts of oxygen to heal effectively.


How does Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy work?

All illnesses and injuries cause some degree of trauma to the body’s organs, tissues, blood vessels, nerves, joints, muscles and/or bones. In many cases, this trauma is severe enough to produce swelling, blood loss, blood clots or scarring. These unpleasant conditions block the body’s blood flow (circulation) and its ability to carry oxygen. As a result, injured or diseased areas are deprived of adequate oxygen supply at a time when it is needed most, thus limiting, delaying or even preventing recovery. This is where Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy can help. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy allows up to 10 times more oxygen to reach those areas of damage where circulation is diminished or blocked and thus creates better conditions for recovery.

In normal air (at sea level) we breathe 21% of oxygen.  At this level our blood cells which carry the oxygen around our bodies are almost fully saturated.  In other words, the red blood cells cannot carry much more oxygen.  However, when breathing pure oxygen (100%) under pressure, the blood serum (the clear liquid in which all blood constituents are carried) is capable of taking large additional amounts of oxygen which are then transported around the body.  This procedure is used in emergency life support systems and in intensive care settings. Breathing oxygen under pressure causes the dilated and leaky blood vessels to constrict back to normal size, thus reducing swelling and cell death. Also, whilst under pressure, more oxygen is delivered to the bloodstream so increasing the amount available to help healing and repair.  Many pharmaceutical products will also reduce swelling, but they may also reduce the available amount of oxygen and they certainly cannot replace oxygen. 



How is HBOT administered?

HBOT is only offered with the knowledge of your Consultant or GP.

Each treatment session lasts 60 minutes The number of treatments varies depending on the nature and severity of the condition.  Generally sports and minor injuries will require an intensive course of treatment until full recovery is achieved while chronic conditions by their nature will require ongoing treatment to maintain well-being and symptom relief. In most cases this consists of 5 hours of oxygen per week for one month followed by hourly 'top-up' sessions, which may vary from once a week to once fortnightly or even once monthly depending on the individual concerned.

Our chamber allows 6 people to be treated simultaneously.  All clients are assessed both before treatment and at designated intervals thereafter.  Thus, the treatment regime is designed specifically for the individual's needs.


What are the benefits of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy?

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy significantly:-

  • increases the supply of oxygen to injured and diseased areas

  • reduces swelling, pressure and pain

  • promotes the repair of injuries

  • enhances the ability of white blood cells to kill bacteria and prevent infection

  • improves the rate at which lactate and ammonia levels return to normal after exertion so boosting energy and performance levels and minimising stress and fatigue

Reported benefits of HBOT are improvements in:-

  • balance and coordination

  • bladder and bowel control      

  • circulation

  • vision

  • speech

  • memory and concentration

  • pain and stress levels

  • energy levels

  • mood and sense of well-being


Are there any dangers or unwanted side effects with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy?

Some people may experience temporary ear discomfort, tiredness and slight blurring of vision particularly during the first few sessions. This is not unusual and may persist in some for up to  a few weeks but does clear in time. There have also been some reports of aching teeth but this is slight and temporary.

There are no contraindications to HBOT, except pregnancy, pneumothorax and acute ear or sinus infections. There are also certain conditions, such as cancer and respiratory disease, when HBOT will not be offered unless specifically authorised by your doctor or consultant.

In all cases, with the exception of certain sports injuries, RAMS will require the consent of your GP or Consultant before treatment begins.


Other Therapies offered by RAMS

If you require any information regarding our other therapies please follow the links listed below. These therapies can be provided as stand-alone treatments or as suplementry treatments to all our other therapies, including any ongoing medical treatments provided by your doctor or consultant. Note: permission by your doctor or consultant is required.



            Flowtron Therapy                       

        Electromagnetic Stimulation Therapy